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Biological dentist in the Petaluma area explains the stages of gum disease

Petaluma area explains the stages of gum disease
Everyone knows you are supposed to brush and floss your teeth daily, but did you know that if you don’t, you are not only putting yourself at risk for gum disease and tooth decay, but other health conditions, as well? Gum disease has been linked with an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. As a biological dentist, Dr. Smida focuses on teaching patients the importance of proper oral hygiene and identifying the stages of gum disease allowing you to take control of your health.

So, what is gum disease?

Gum disease can be broken down into three categories: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.

Stage One: Gingivitis

This is the first and earliest stage of gum disease. Inflammation around the gum line occurs when there is plaque buildup. It is generally caused by a lack of brushing and flossing daily. The plaque buildup traps bacteria and causes the gums to become inflamed. Symptoms of gingivitis are typically red and swollen gums, bad breath, or gums bleeding when brushing the teeth.

Stage Two: Periodontitis

When gingivitis goes untreated, the disease will advance into periodontitis. During this stage, there is now irreversible damage to the bones and tissue supporting your teeth. Deep hollow pockets begin to form in the gums, leaving room for food, plaque, and bacteria to become trapped. The gums start to recede and gaps develop between the gum line and teeth. Without treatment, you become at risk for the damage to worsen and tooth loss.

Stage Three: Advanced Periodontitis

This stage occurs when periodontitis is left untreated. At this point, the bacteria that have collected in the pockets of the gum begin to destroy the bone structure and make the pockets deeper. Teeth begin to move and fall out. Aggressive treatment is required to save the teeth.

Factors contributing to gum disease include hormonal changes; such as pregnancy or monthly menstruation, illnesses; such as cancer or diabetes, certain medications, smoking, and poor oral hygiene.
The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice proper oral hygiene and maintain regular dental check-ups twice per year. If you are in the Petaluma area and experiencing any of the signs or symptoms of gum disease, call us to schedule a consultation.

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Professional Affiliations and Recognitions

  • International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology
  • International Academy of Biological Dentistry and Medicine
  • AAO
  • American Dental Association
  • Academy of Cosmetic and Adhesive Dentistry
  • California Dental Association
  • American Dental Society of Europe
  • Redwood Empire Dental Society
  • Member of the Holistic Dental Association
Make an Appointment with Dr. Jurina Smida, Dental Care & Wellness of Sonoma County